In Olivense, we are well aware of biodiversity, a term that indicates the diversity of species of plants, animals, bacteria and microorganisms that live in a given space. The biodiversity that we find today on planet Earth is the product of millions of years of evolution, and the combination of multiple natural processes and the influence that human beings have had on the environment.
In this sense, the olive grove and the environment where it develops form an ecosystem, where numerous species coexist at all trophic levels. Studies have identified, some of them promoted by the same FAO (The state of the world’s biodiversity for food and agriculture, 2019) olive plantations can house up to 200 species of wild flora per hectare, 90 species of vertebrates and 160 species of invertebrates associated with olive cultivation.
Many species of flora, and invertebrate fauna, which are the foundations of biodiversity, without excluding mammals, birds and reptiles, such as quails, partridges, small owls, hoopoes, lizards, lizards, among others, depend on the olive groves, where they develop, nest, or take the food necessary for their survival, this whole makes the olive groves, be artificial leaders in the adoption and fostering of a great natural value, sustaining a great diversity of wildlife.
Olive plantations in the Mediterranean serve as a source of food for a large number of migratory bird species from northern and central Europe and Africa.
The olive grove with a proper management, that contemplates the sustainability of the environment where it develops, becomes without a doubt, in THE BEST ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT WHERE AN EXTRAORDINARY NATURAL BIODIVERSITY IS PROMOTED, PROVIDING A GREAT ENVIRONMENTAL VALUE, AS WELL AS ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND CULTURAL, in the environment where it develops.